The Feast of Pentecost
Leviticus 23:15-21 “15 “You shall count seven full weeks from the day after the Sabbath, from the day that you brought the sheaf of the wave offering. 16 You shall count fifty days to the day after the seventh Sabbath. Then you shall present a grain offering of new grain to the Lord. 17 You shall bring from your dwelling places two loaves of bread to be waved, made of two-tenths of an ephah. They shall be of fine flour, and they shall be baked with leaven, as first fruits to the Lord. 18 And you shall present with the bread seven lambs a year old without blemish, and one bull from the herd and two rams. They shall be a burnt offering to the Lord, with their grain offering and their drink offerings, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 19 And you shall offer one male goat for a sin offering, and two male lambs a year old as a sacrifice of peace offerings. 20 And the priest shall wave them with the bread of the firstfruits as a wave offering before the Lord, with the two lambs. They shall be holy to the Lord for the priest. 21 And you shall make a proclamation on the same day. You shall hold a holy convocation. You shall not do any ordinary work. It is a statute forever in all your dwelling places throughout your generations.
Feast of Pentecost is celebrated on the 50th day after Easter, and it commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit among the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ while they were in Jerusalem celebrating the feast of weeks.
First: It is a day full of abundance. There are plenty of fruits and grains enough for a feast. Then there is plenty of worship and sacrifice; burnt offerings, grain offerings, peace offerings, sin offerings, but there wasn’t any guilt offering. They left out one out of the five.
They shared their abundance with the less fortunate.
In our life, when we talk or mention something is abundant, according to what standard are we comparing this to? When we worship a lot and are happy doing so, then we can say that we are living a life of abundance. Like this, the Pentecost had many types of offering and worship going on. During the Pentecost, there was an abundance of grains and fruits, but they were also full of giving, and caring, and love for each other.
Leviticus 23:22English Standard Version (ESV)
22 “And when you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap your field right up to its edge, nor shall you gather the gleanings after your harvest. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the Lord your God.”
Deuteronomy 24:19-20 19 “When you reap your harvest in your field and forget a sheaf in the field, you shall not go back to get it. It shall be for the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow, that the Lord your God may bless you in all the work of your hands.20 When you beat your olive trees, you shall not go over them again. It shall be for the sojourner, the fatherless, and the widow.
Leviticus 19:10 10 And you shall not strip your vineyard bare, neither shall you gather the fallen grapes of your vineyard. You shall leave them for the poor and for the sojourner: I am the Lord your God.
The reason why God ordered them to not strip their vineyard bare, nor to go back and get what they dropped is so that the poor and the people who need a helping hand can also feel the joy of the harvest. This was to teach the people to love and care for one another.
Second: The Pentecost is the feast of Grace. The reason is that after 50 days the Israelites were exiled from Egypt, Moses received the 10 commandments from the Lord that day on Mount Sinai (pronounced sigh-nigh). The prophecy made by the prophet Joel was fulfilled that day.
Act 2:1-4 When the day of Pentecost arrived, they were all together in one place. 2 And suddenly there came from heaven a sound like a mighty rushing wind, and it filled the entire house where they were sitting. 3 And divided tongues as of fire appeared to them and rested[a] on each one of them. 4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other tongues as the Spirit gave them utterance.
This was something that the Joel prophesied.
Joel 2:28-29 [a] “And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh; your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, and your young men shall see visions. Even on the male and female servants in those days I will pour out my Spirit.
The Pentecost is the feast of Grace because this was when the people were filled with the Holy Spirit, this was God’s grace.
Third: The Holy Spirit came down and it was the beginning of the church.
The church is built like the body of Christ. When Christ enters in us, that is the day when we become one with Christ. In Christ, as Christians, this was the day when we also all became one body. Usually, when giving the grain offering, yeast is not put in, but on this day, yeast was put into the grain offering. The symbolism, the meaning of this is that the people, the Gentiles, the Jews people who believed in Christ became one body.
It is explained again in 1 Corinthians 12:13 For in one Spirit we were all baptized into one body—Jews or Greeks, slaves[a]or free—and all were made to drink of one Spirit.
The reason why we become one is not because of us, or the church, it is because of Christ. We become one through Christ.
The Pentecost is the day of abundance shared with others, the feast of Grace and the day we became one through Christ. When we’re filled with the Holy Spirit and become one through Christ, is when we can become a true church.
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Matthew 5:13 – 16 “13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot. 14 “You are the light of the world. A town built on a hill cannot be hidden. 15 Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead, they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house. 16 In the same way, let your light shine before others, that they may see your good deeds and glorify your Father in heaven.”